'As the one sin condemned all people, in the same way the one righteous act sets all people free and gives them life.' Romans 5:18

Only by knowing the last verse of Genesis 2 can we appreciate Sunday's first reading (Gen 2:7-9; 3:1-7). The author tells us that our sinful first parents' "eyes were opened and they realized they were naked." In the omitted verse, she mentions that the newly-created man and woman "were naked, but felt no shame."

Their sin brought a drastic psychological change into their life.

In the late 1960s, Pope Paul VI convened a conference of experts to study original sin. The traditional way of looking at original sin - a mark on one's soul, passed down from parents to children - was creating more questions than answers.

These Scripture scholars, anthropologists, scientists and theologians had to deal with the possibility that we might not have descended from just one set of original parents. A new term had recently been coined: "polygenesis," the idea that the human race could have evolved at different times and places.

Such a concept demanded we make a major adjustment to our way of treating original sin. The conference recommended we regard original sin not so much as a mark on our souls as the sinful environment our ancestors bequeathed us, which makes it impossible for each of us not to commit her or his original sin.

Stuck in sin
Our first parents' sin wasn't so much something they did as something they didn't do. Because there were fewer humans "in the beginning," it would have been easier for them to have changed the "intellectual world" in which they lived - the way they and their fellow humans related. By not taking that step, they guaranteed we would be embedded in a sinful world.

Going back to Genesis, the man and woman were just as naked before their sin as after. But somehow, sin changed their world, forcing them to look at their nakedness from a different perspective. What was once normal, now creates embarrassment.

Convinced Jesus reversed the process, our Synoptic evangelists begin His public ministry with temptations (Matthew 4:1-11). He refuses to cave in to the temptations all humans face, those which create the atmosphere we face every day of our lives.

How did Matthew and Luke know Jesus' temptations? No one was in that wilderness except Jesus and Satan. The answer is simple: because Jesus became one with us, the writers presumed He experienced the same temptations we do.

Tempting us all
Each of us is inclined only to take care of our material needs, never going deeper than externals. We're constantly inclined to ignore the nitty-gritty aspects of life and daydream about the spectacular. We'd like to have power over others.

What if we weren't fearful that people around us were giving in to those temptations? We'd be more relaxed and open with others if we didn't have to worry about them taking advantage of us.

This is the world Jesus expects us to create. We're not just to avoid sin; we're do to so much good that the environment we shape by our actions will also help others do good, not evil.

Those who think one person can't have an effect on the world haven't read Sunday's Pauline passage (Romans 5:12-19). Speaking of the effects of Jesus' death and resurrection, Paul states: "Just as through one transgression condemnation came upon all, so through one righteous act, acquittal and life came to all."

I can't imagine what kind of world we'll pass on to our descendents if, through the centuries, each of us imitates the environment-changing life of Jesus of Nazareth.